(New and Exact Map of America, or Quarter of the World)
Creator: Diego Gutiérrez (fl. 1554-1594)
Item Code: 15197
Gutiérrez's map is the largest of the western hemisphere printed in the 16th century. As an employee of the Spanish Casa de Contración (Board of Trade), Gutiérrez most likely made use of the latest geographic data sent back to Spain by the numerous Spanish naval pilots exploring the western hemisphere. Spain's claims to the territory are made clear by the two coats of arms in the cartouche in the upper left corner, representing King Phillip II and his half sister Princess Margarite, as well as the depiction of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (Charles I of Spain) speeding across the Atlantic in a sea chariot. The map is notable for the high level of geographic detail (including an understanding of the greater Amazon River basin, and the first use of the name California on a map), as well as the many mythical representations, such as cannibals in Brazil, giants in Patagonia, and numerous mermaids and other sea creatures.
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The print sizes listed above indicate the exact size of the printed area not including borders.
For prints up to 23" in the largest dimension we add an additional 1/2" border to each side.
For prints over 23" in the largest dimension we add an additional 1" border to each side.
For all prints on Canvas, we add an additional 2" border to each side.