Map of Colonial America

Map of Colonial America

Original Title: A Map of the British and French Dominions in North America, with the Roads, Distances, Limits, and Extent of the Settlements

Year: 1755

Language: English

Creator: John Mitchell (1711-1768)

Item Code: 15354

Considered by some to be the most important map in the history of the United States, Mitchell's 1755 map of the British colonies served as the foundation for establishing the boundaries of the new country at the Treaty of Paris in 1783 after the American Revolutionary War. One of Mitchell's concerns in making the map was the possibility that the French might take control of the land west of the Appalachian Mountains. The British Board of Trade shared his concerns and gave Mitchell access to a wealth of maps and other materials (including maps prepared by General George Washington and Peter Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson's father). Mitchell extended the boundaries of the colonies to the western limits of the map to stress the British claims to western lands, and also included notes containing claims of English settlements in the regions beyond the mountains.

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Related subjects: Eastern US, Colonial America