Map of the World
Map of the World
Original Title: Universalis Cosmographia Secundum Ptholomaei Traditionem et Americi Vespucii Alioruque Lustrationes
(A Drawing of the Whole Earth According to the Tradition of Ptolemy and the Voyages of Amerigo Vespucci and Others)
Creator: Martin Waldseemüller (ca. 1470-1518)
Item Code: 15338
Waldseemüller's revolutionary 1507 map of the world contains the first appearance of the name America. The map is a tribute to the Ptolemaic tradition and the explorations of Amerigo Vespucci in 1501-02 down the eastern coast of South America. Waldseemüller places portraits of Ptolemy and Vespucci at the top of the map, adds the name "America" in South America, and writes in the introduction that accompanied the publication of the map: "I do not see why anyone would rightly forbid calling it (after the discoverer Americus...) 'Amerige,' that is, land of Americus, or 'America'."
The largest map of the world printed at the time, its depiction of the new world is notable for many geographical features: even though no European explorer is believed to have known of the existence of the Pacific Ocean, the western coast of South America is drawn with some degree of accuracy, and the Pacific Ocean is represented as a vast body of water separating the new world from Asia. Another mystery is that the peninsula of Florida seems to be represented on the map, even though the official discovery of Florida took place later, in 1513, by Ponce de León.
The original map was printed on 12 separate sheets.
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